NASA’s James Webb Space Telescope and the Hubble Space Telescope acquired some images of the Double Asteroid Redirection Test (DART) spacecraft colliding with Dimorphos on Monday earlier this week.

In fact, James Webb and Hubble were able to observe the same astronomical object at the same time for the first time.

The asteroid moonlet in Didymos’ double-asteroid system, Dimorphos, and DART purposely collided on September 26. It was the first time the kinetic impact mitigation method, which entails sending a spacecraft to divert an asteroid that doesn’t threaten Earth and alter its orbit, has ever been tested.

The Hubble and Webb observatories can provide vital scientific insights into the composition and evolution of our solar system. According to NASA, the coordinated observations of the telescopes represent more than just a technological triumph for each telescope.

By integrating views from Webb and Hubble, scientists can learn more about the properties of Dimorphos’ surface, the quantity of material expelled by the impact, and the speed at which it was ejected.

Additionally, utilizing different wavelengths of light, Webb captured the collision in infrared while Hubble captured it in visible light.

Hubble Witnesses Ejecta’s Movement

TechExplorist said Hubble took pictures of a binary system 15 minutes before the impact and 15 minutes after DART hit Dimorphos’ surface. Hubble’s Wide Field Camera 3 shows the collision in daylight.

Beams extending from the asteroid’s body indicate the impact’s ejecta. According to NASA, DART originated from the more noticeable, widely dispersed spike of ejecta to the left of the asteroid.

To explain some of the apparent slight bends in the beams, astronomers need to examine more closely. The system’s brightness grew three times after impact and stayed consistent for eight hours, according to astronomers’ analysis of Hubble images.

During the next three weeks, Hubble will make 10 further observations of the Didymos-Dimorphos system. According to NASA, these reliable, long-term data will enable a more accurate representation of the ejecta cloud’s growth from the ejection through its disappearance as it evolves over time.

As part of Cycle 29’s General Observers Program 16674, Hubble took 45 images before and after DART and Dimorphos collided.

NASA James Webb, Hubble Space Telescope Capture Impact of DART Asteroid Impact [LOOK]

(Photo : NASA, ESA, Jian-Yang Li (PSI); image processing: Alyssa Pagan (STScI))
These images from NASA’s Hubble Space Telescope, taken (left to right) 22 minutes, 5 hours, and 8.2 hours after NASA’s Double Asteroid Redirection Test (DART) intentionally impacted Dimorphos, show expanding plumes of ejecta from the asteroid’s body. The Hubble images show ejecta from the impact that appear as rays stretching out from the body of the asteroid. The bolder, fanned-out spike of ejecta to the left of the asteroid is in the general direction from which DART approached. These observations, when combined with data from NASA’s James Webb Space Telescope, will allow scientists to gain knowledge about the nature of the surface of Dimorphos, how much material was ejected by the collision, how fast it was ejected, and the distribution of particle sizes in the expanding dust cloud.

James Webb Space Telescope Snaps the Impact Site

Before the collision, Webb made one observation of the impact location and made more over the following few hours. The tight, compact core of the object is visible in photos taken by Webb’s Near-Infrared Camera (NIRCam), as are material plumes that emanate from the object’s center.

Speed, I am speed.
Observing the #DARTMission impact with Webb was a unique challenge. The target moved over at a speed over 3 times faster than the original speed limit Webb was designed to track! In the weeks leading up to the impact, teams carefully tested for success. pic.twitter.com/XGpTsMg0Ab

— NASA Webb Telescope (@NASAWebb) September 29, 2022

According to NASA, watching the collision with Webb presented unique challenges for the mission operations, planning, and scientific teams due to the asteroid’s quick rise across the sky.

Webb analyzed the effect and shot ten images over the course of five hours. SciTechDaily said the data were obtained as part of Heidi Hammel’s Webb Cycle 1 Guaranteed Time Observation Program 1245 for the Association for Universities for Research in Astronomy.

NEWS RELATED

China's Shenzhou 14 Will Land Back to Earth on Sunday After 6 Months in Space

The Shenzhou-14 crew from China, who spent six months on the space station, has finished all of its work and will return to Earth on Sunday. According to the Global Times, the Shenzhou-14 spacecraft will touch down at night at the Dongfeng landing site in the Gobi Desert of North China. On ...

View more: China's Shenzhou 14 Will Land Back to Earth on Sunday After 6 Months in Space

Archaeologists Uncover 1,900-Year-Old Snacks Underneath Rome's Ancient Colosseum

Archaeologists have discovered new information on the experience of attending events at the ancient amphitheater, including their possible snack preferences, in the sewers and tunnels beneath Rome’s famed Colosseum, reported first by the Smithsonian Magazine. The team found remnants of grapes, figs, peaches, nuts, meats, cherries, blackberries, and olives from ...

View more: Archaeologists Uncover 1,900-Year-Old Snacks Underneath Rome's Ancient Colosseum

How giant-faced owls snag voles hidden in snow

The face of a great gray owl. Credit: James Duncan Hovering over a target helps giant-faced Great Gray owls pinpoint prey hidden beneath as much as two feet of snow. Several of the owls’ physical features, especially parts of their wings and face, help them correct for sonic distortions ...

View more: How giant-faced owls snag voles hidden in snow

Black and minoritized ethnic communities at disproportionate risk of homelessness in the UK

Credit: Unsplash/CC0 Public Domain In the wake of the Black Lives Matter movement, there has been a heightened awareness of ethnic inequality in the UK. Despite some recent studies on housing conditions in the context of the pandemic, little attention has been paid to how racial inequality and homelessness ...

View more: Black and minoritized ethnic communities at disproportionate risk of homelessness in the UK

China's Shenhou-14 crew to return at winter night, landing site ready

Crew members of Shenzhou-14, China’s last manned space mission, are expected to touch down at Dongfeng landing site in North China on the night of December 4, the China Manned Space Agency announced on Saturday. The weather of the crew’s return window is reported to reach minus 15 degree ...

View more: China's Shenhou-14 crew to return at winter night, landing site ready

Space 220 at Disney's Epcot serves up more space fact trading cards

Now in their second edition, the first series of Mercury, Venus and Earth trading cards were retired in September.

View more: Space 220 at Disney's Epcot serves up more space fact trading cards

NASA's Hubble Space Telescope Captures the Large Magellanic Cloud in an Electric Sea of Stars

NASA’s Hubble Space Telescope captured an electric sea of stars glimmering against a background of pinpricks of light. The space agency released the star-striking image on Friday, Dec. 2, as its image of the day. The electric picture features NGC 1858, an open star cluster in the Large Magellanic Cloud, a ...

View more: NASA's Hubble Space Telescope Captures the Large Magellanic Cloud in an Electric Sea of Stars

1400% Increase: Sexual Assault-Related ER Visits Have Skyrocketed

It is estimated that a new instance of sexual assault occurs every 68 seconds in the United States. According to recent research, the increase in individuals seeking emergency medical attention following sexual assault is outpacing the growth of law enforcement reporting. According to a recent study, more individuals are seeking ...

View more: 1400% Increase: Sexual Assault-Related ER Visits Have Skyrocketed

Researchers may have discovered how much exercise it takes to offset a day of sitting

Shenzhou-14: The most important crewed mission for Tiangong construction

Artemis 1 moon mission squeezing communications with James Webb Space Telescope

New Insight Into Brain Function – Researchers Have Identified a Long-Sought Gene-Encoded Protein

2022 December solstice: All you need to know

Webb and Keck Telescopes Team for Unprecedented Look at Saturn’s Moon Titan – “Simply Extraordinary!”

Experts: Digital twin future of smart transportation

Europe's new lightweight Vega C rocket gets a big Earth observation opportunity

China's Shenzhou 14 astronauts set to return to Earth on Sunday

NASA’s Artemis splashdown will put Orion through a nail-biting test

Coronavirus drug target that could halt virus replication identified

NASA Artemis I: Orion Spacecraft Fine-Tunes Trajectory and Downlinks Data

OTHER NEWS

Breaking thailand news, thai news, thailand news Verified News Story Network