Obesity May Be a Neurodevelopmental Disorder

Summary: Obesity is, in part, determined by epigenetic development in the arcuate nucleus of the hypothalamus. Findings suggest developmental epigenetics plays a significant role in both environmental and genetic influences on obesity risk. Source: Baylor College of Medicine Obesity has ...

A Good Night’s Sleep Is a Tonic to Remember

Summary: Researchers reveal why a good night’s sleep helps boost learning and memory. Source: Horizons Scientists are probing what happens in the brain as people slumber and how they can enjoy the restorative effects of better deep sleep. Everyone suffers ...

What’s in a Word? Identifying Language Disorders Earlier Can Set Children up for Success

Summary: The earlier language disorders in children are identified, the earlier help can be provided to insure fluid language acquisition. Source: Purdue University A child’s first word can be a meaningful milestone for parents. But sometimes, children don’t have to ...

Regularly Exercising With Weights Linked to Lower Risk of Death

Summary: Regular weight training exercise is associated with a reduced risk of death, a new study reports. Incorporating aerobic exercise with weight-based exercise adds to the protective effect. Source: BMJ Regularly exercising with weights is linked to a lower risk ...

Omega-3 Fatty Acids, and in Particular DHA, Are Associated With Increased Attention Scores in Adolescents

Summary: DHA consumption was associated with improved capacity for selective and sustained attention in adolescents, while ALA lowered impulsive behaviors. Source: ISGLOBAL Docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) is associated with a greater capacity for selective and sustained attention in adolescents, while alpha-linolenic ...

Fasting-Mimicking Diet Reduces Signs of Dementia

Summary: Two short cycles of a low-calorie diet that mimics fasting reduced inflammation and delayed cognitive decline in mouse models of Alzheimer’s disease. Researchers report the diet is safe for humans and could help reduce signs of Alzheimer’s. Source: USC ...

Diet High in Guar Gum Fiber Limits Inflammation and Multiple Sclerosis Symptoms

Summary: Diets high in guar gum, a dietary fiber and common food additive extracted from guar beans, limit inflammation and delay the onset of multiple sclerosis in mouse models. Source: University of British Columbia Diets high in guar gum, a ...

Study Probes Huntington’s Disease Protein’s Function in Injured Neurons

Summary: The Huntington’s disease protein huntingtin may have a role external to the neurodegenerative disease. Researchers say Huntingtin is involved in neural injury and regeneration. Source: University at Buffalo In a new University at Buffalo-led study, scientists propose a new ...

Binge Drinking Increases COVID-19 Risk in Young Women

Summary: Women in their 20’s who frequently binge drink had the highest self-reported prevalence of COVID-19 infection among subgroups within a study of alcohol and drug usage during the pandemic. Researchers say the increased infection risk was due to binge ...

Mechanisms of Psychostimulants on Attention and Learning Revealed

Summary: Psychostimulants increase dopamine levels, enhancing task-relevant cortical signals by acting on the striatum and the difference in dopamine synthesis capacity in the striatum explains the variability in the drugs’ cognitive effects. Source: Human Brain Project Psychostimulants are commonly used ...

Language Learning Difficulties in Children Linked to Brain Differences

Summary: Children with developmental language disorder have less myelin in parts of the brain associated with acquiring rules and habits, as well as brain areas associated with language production and comprehension. Source: University of Oxford Developmental language disorder (DLD) is ...

Yes, Men Run Faster Than Women, but Over Shorter Distances and Not by Much

Summary: The between-sex performance gap when it comes to running is much narrower at shorter sprint distances, a new study reveals. Source: Southern Methodist University Conventional wisdom holds that men run 10-12 percent faster than women regardless of the distance ...

What Brings Our Senses and Thoughts Together?

Summary: Study reveals the role the neocortex plays in our ability to think, recall events, and make decisions. Source: UC Irvine Our ability to think, decide, remember recent events and more, comes from our brain’s neocortex. Now University of California, ...

Being Lonely and Unhappy Accelerates Aging More Than Smoking

Summary: Loneliness, restless sleep, and unhappiness have a significant effect on biological aging, a new study reports. Source: Deep Longevity LTD Molecular damage accumulates and contributes to the development of aging-related frailty and serious diseases. In some people these molecular ...

Study Shows Transmission of Epigenetic Memory Across Multiple Generations

Summary: By altering the epigenetic markers on chromosomes, researchers witnessed changed gene expression in offspring and grand-offspring. The findings reveal the occurrence of transgenerational epigenetic inheritance. Source: UC Santa Cruz Without altering the genetic code in the DNA, epigenetic modifications ...

What if Some Stress Actually Protects Your Body?

Summary: Study finds the immune system may benefit from a measure of stress. Source: Case Western Reserve Stress has been linked to all sorts of serious health issues, from insomnia to high blood pressure, obesity and even heart disease. But ...

A New Behavioral Test to Detect Early Risk of Alzheimer’s

Summary: Researchers have developed a simple behavioral test to measure an individual’s risk of developing Alzheimer’s disease before symptoms appear. Source: CalTech Alzheimer’s disease is a neurodegenerative condition that damages a person’s ability to think, remember, and perform basic functions. ...

New Model of Alzheimer’s as an Autoimmune Disease

Summary: Researchers propose a new model for Alzheimer’s disease (AD2) that considers the neurodegenerative disease as an autoimmune disease that attacks the brain. Considering Alzheimer’s as an autoimmune disorder could spark a new line of therapies to treat the disease. ...

Coffee Drinking Is Associated With Increased Longevity

Summary: Drinking at least two cups of coffee a day, even instant coffee was associated with increased longevity and a lower risk of cardiovascular disease. Source: European Society of Cardiology Drinking two to three cups of coffee a day is ...

Anxiety During Pregnancy Can Lead To Earlier Births

Summary: Women who experience anxiety while pregnant are more likely to give birth earlier than women who don’t. Source: APA Women who experience anxiety about their pregnancies give birth earlier on average than those who don’t, according to research published ...

Long-Term Memories a Matter of Order, Not Just Repetition

Summary: The formation of long-term memory relies on intrinsic neurological learning processes and the repetition of events. Source: NYU Long-term memories rely on both the repetition of events and an intricate neurological learning process in making these memories last, shows ...

The Neural Cartography of Smell

Summary: The experience of every odor derives from precise circuitry in the brain. Source: Columbia University Rendering the invisible visible is among scientists’ favorite challenges. The sea creature-like images accompanying this short feature are microscopic portraits of brain cells that ...

What’s So Super About Superfoods?

Summary: Researchers question if so-called “superfoods” are really as good for you as people claim and, if so, how should they be consumed as part of a balanced diet. Source: University of New South Wales Everyone has heard of the ...

Life’s Stresses Can Make People Focus More on Their Romantic Partner’s Negative Behavior

Summary: Stress can have a detrimental impact on relationships. When feeling stressed, a person is more likely to notice and reflect upon their partner’s negative behaviors rather than positive behavior. Source: Society for Personality and Social Psychology Stressful life circumstances can ...

Potential Therapeutic Targets to Prevent Hearing Loss Caused by Antibiotics

Summary: Researchers have identified an autophagy pathway in hair cells in the ear that’s linked to permanent hearing loss that occurs as a result of exposure to aminoglycosides antibiotics in some patients. Source: Indiana University Researchers at Indiana University School ...

PTSD and Comorbid Substance Abuse Are Associated With a Cellular Marker for Early Death

Summary: Trauma-exposed veterans with PTSD and comorbid externalizing psychiatric disorders, such as substance abuse or antisocial personality disorder are at greater risk for early death. Source: Boston University Psychiatric symptoms and diagnoses increase risk for premature morbidity and mortality. Now ...

New Therapeutic Target Could Check the Progress of Alzheimer’s Disease

Summary: Researchers have devised a new, non-invasive method for tracking the progression of Alzheimer’s disease. The study also proposes removing excess toxic Alzheimer’s proteins from the blood could improve clinical symptoms and pathologies of Alzheimer’s disease. Source: University of Malaga ...

Life Expectancy Tool May Improve Quality of Life for Patients With Dementia

Summary: A new mortality prediction model for older patients with Alzheimer’s disease can help medical professionals and families determine the best course of action for end-of-life care. Source: UCSF A mortality prediction model for older adults with dementia may help ...

AI Worse at Recognizing Images Than Humans

Summary: Most AI models are unable to represent features of human vision, making them worse at recognizing images. Source: HSE Researchers from HSE University and Moscow Polytechnic University have discovered that AI models are unable to represent features of human ...

Young Kids Avoid One Learning Trap That Often Snares Adults

Summary: Children avoid the “learning trap” adults sometimes fall into by being unable to focus attention. Source: Ohio State University Children have a secret power that helps them avoid a “learning trap” that adults may sometimes fall into: Kids just ...

Why Do We Laugh? New Study Considers Possible Evolutionary Reasons Behind This Very Human Behaviour

Summary: Researchers say laughter may have been preserved by natural selection to assist with human survival. Source: The Conversation A woman in labor is having a terrible time and suddenly shouts out: “Shouldn’t! Wouldn’t! Couldn’t! Didn’t! Can’t!” “Don’t worry,” says ...

Mapping the Human Brain Over a Lifetime

Summary: Researchers aim to map and track cellular changes in the human brain over a lifetime. Source: UCSD With a five-year, $126 million grant from the National Institutes of Health (NIH), a multi-institution team of researchers at University of California ...

Exploring the Mechanisms Underlying Disorders of Consciousness

Summary: Study reveals altered brain dynamics in those with unresponsive arousal syndrome, previously known as “vegetative state”, and in those with minimally conscious state. Source: University of Liege A study by the Human Brain Project (HBP), led by scientists from ...

War-Zone Related Stress May Lead to Changes in the Microstructure of the Brain

Summary: War zone-related stress was associated with alterations in limbic gray matter microstructure, independent of a mental health or tbi diagnosis. In turn, these alterations were associated with cognitive function, including impaired response inhibition. Source: Brigham and Women’s Hospital Military ...

Could Monoclonal Antibodies Replace Opioids for Chronic Pain?

Summary: Researchers are developing a monthly monoclonal antibody therapy for the treatment and management of chronic pain. The hope is this new therapy can replace opioids for pain management. Source: UC Davis During the pandemic, physicians used infusions of monoclonal antibodies — antibodies made ...

COVID-19 Associated With Increase in New Diagnoses of Type 1 Diabetes in Youth, by as Much as 72%

Summary: Children who contracted COVID-19 are at increased risk of being diagnosed with Type 1 diabetes. Researchers found a 72% increase in new Type 1 diabetes cases in those under 18 who contracted COVID-19. Source: Case Western Reserve Children who ...

Watching TV With Your Child Can Help Their Cognitive Development

Summary: Family TV time can have a beneficial effect on a child’s cognitive development, a new study reports. Source: University of Portsmouth Over the past 30 years, the number of television programs targeting infants has been increasing. Between 1997 and ...

Researchers Create Tool to Measure the Emotion in Emojis

Summary: A newly developed multidimensional lexicon of emojis helps crack the coded language and emotional value of emoji use, a popular form of communication by young texters, beyond simple negativity or positivity. Source: University of British Columbia How much is ...

Reusable Contact Lenses More Than Triple Risk of Rare Preventable Eye Infection

Summary: People who use reusable contact lenses rather than disposable daily lenses are four times more likely to develop Acanthamoeba keratitis, a corneal infection that can cause sight loss. Source: UCL People who wear reusable contact lenses are nearly four ...

A Potential New Treatment for Brain Tumors

Summary: Researchers study the effect of letrozole , a drug designed for the treatment of breast cancer in postmenopausal women, on glioblastoma brain cancer. Source: University of Cincinnati A research question posed in Pankaj Desai’s lab has led to a ...

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