New Model of Alzheimer’s as an Autoimmune Disease

Summary: Researchers propose a new model for Alzheimer’s disease (AD2) that considers the neurodegenerative disease as an autoimmune disease that attacks the brain. Considering Alzheimer’s as an autoimmune disorder could spark a new line of therapies to treat the disease. ...

Coffee Drinking Is Associated With Increased Longevity

Summary: Drinking at least two cups of coffee a day, even instant coffee was associated with increased longevity and a lower risk of cardiovascular disease. Source: European Society of Cardiology Drinking two to three cups of coffee a day is ...

Anxiety During Pregnancy Can Lead To Earlier Births

Summary: Women who experience anxiety while pregnant are more likely to give birth earlier than women who don’t. Source: APA Women who experience anxiety about their pregnancies give birth earlier on average than those who don’t, according to research published ...

Long-Term Memories a Matter of Order, Not Just Repetition

Summary: The formation of long-term memory relies on intrinsic neurological learning processes and the repetition of events. Source: NYU Long-term memories rely on both the repetition of events and an intricate neurological learning process in making these memories last, shows ...

The Neural Cartography of Smell

Summary: The experience of every odor derives from precise circuitry in the brain. Source: Columbia University Rendering the invisible visible is among scientists’ favorite challenges. The sea creature-like images accompanying this short feature are microscopic portraits of brain cells that ...

What’s So Super About Superfoods?

Summary: Researchers question if so-called “superfoods” are really as good for you as people claim and, if so, how should they be consumed as part of a balanced diet. Source: University of New South Wales Everyone has heard of the ...

Life’s Stresses Can Make People Focus More on Their Romantic Partner’s Negative Behavior

Summary: Stress can have a detrimental impact on relationships. When feeling stressed, a person is more likely to notice and reflect upon their partner’s negative behaviors rather than positive behavior. Source: Society for Personality and Social Psychology Stressful life circumstances can ...

Potential Therapeutic Targets to Prevent Hearing Loss Caused by Antibiotics

Summary: Researchers have identified an autophagy pathway in hair cells in the ear that’s linked to permanent hearing loss that occurs as a result of exposure to aminoglycosides antibiotics in some patients. Source: Indiana University Researchers at Indiana University School ...

PTSD and Comorbid Substance Abuse Are Associated With a Cellular Marker for Early Death

Summary: Trauma-exposed veterans with PTSD and comorbid externalizing psychiatric disorders, such as substance abuse or antisocial personality disorder are at greater risk for early death. Source: Boston University Psychiatric symptoms and diagnoses increase risk for premature morbidity and mortality. Now ...

New Therapeutic Target Could Check the Progress of Alzheimer’s Disease

Summary: Researchers have devised a new, non-invasive method for tracking the progression of Alzheimer’s disease. The study also proposes removing excess toxic Alzheimer’s proteins from the blood could improve clinical symptoms and pathologies of Alzheimer’s disease. Source: University of Malaga ...

Life Expectancy Tool May Improve Quality of Life for Patients With Dementia

Summary: A new mortality prediction model for older patients with Alzheimer’s disease can help medical professionals and families determine the best course of action for end-of-life care. Source: UCSF A mortality prediction model for older adults with dementia may help ...

AI Worse at Recognizing Images Than Humans

Summary: Most AI models are unable to represent features of human vision, making them worse at recognizing images. Source: HSE Researchers from HSE University and Moscow Polytechnic University have discovered that AI models are unable to represent features of human ...

Young Kids Avoid One Learning Trap That Often Snares Adults

Summary: Children avoid the “learning trap” adults sometimes fall into by being unable to focus attention. Source: Ohio State University Children have a secret power that helps them avoid a “learning trap” that adults may sometimes fall into: Kids just ...

Why Do We Laugh? New Study Considers Possible Evolutionary Reasons Behind This Very Human Behaviour

Summary: Researchers say laughter may have been preserved by natural selection to assist with human survival. Source: The Conversation A woman in labor is having a terrible time and suddenly shouts out: “Shouldn’t! Wouldn’t! Couldn’t! Didn’t! Can’t!” “Don’t worry,” says ...

Mapping the Human Brain Over a Lifetime

Summary: Researchers aim to map and track cellular changes in the human brain over a lifetime. Source: UCSD With a five-year, $126 million grant from the National Institutes of Health (NIH), a multi-institution team of researchers at University of California ...

Exploring the Mechanisms Underlying Disorders of Consciousness

Summary: Study reveals altered brain dynamics in those with unresponsive arousal syndrome, previously known as “vegetative state”, and in those with minimally conscious state. Source: University of Liege A study by the Human Brain Project (HBP), led by scientists from ...

War-Zone Related Stress May Lead to Changes in the Microstructure of the Brain

Summary: War zone-related stress was associated with alterations in limbic gray matter microstructure, independent of a mental health or tbi diagnosis. In turn, these alterations were associated with cognitive function, including impaired response inhibition. Source: Brigham and Women’s Hospital Military ...

Could Monoclonal Antibodies Replace Opioids for Chronic Pain?

Summary: Researchers are developing a monthly monoclonal antibody therapy for the treatment and management of chronic pain. The hope is this new therapy can replace opioids for pain management. Source: UC Davis During the pandemic, physicians used infusions of monoclonal antibodies — antibodies made ...

COVID-19 Associated With Increase in New Diagnoses of Type 1 Diabetes in Youth, by as Much as 72%

Summary: Children who contracted COVID-19 are at increased risk of being diagnosed with Type 1 diabetes. Researchers found a 72% increase in new Type 1 diabetes cases in those under 18 who contracted COVID-19. Source: Case Western Reserve Children who ...

Watching TV With Your Child Can Help Their Cognitive Development

Summary: Family TV time can have a beneficial effect on a child’s cognitive development, a new study reports. Source: University of Portsmouth Over the past 30 years, the number of television programs targeting infants has been increasing. Between 1997 and ...

Researchers Create Tool to Measure the Emotion in Emojis

Summary: A newly developed multidimensional lexicon of emojis helps crack the coded language and emotional value of emoji use, a popular form of communication by young texters, beyond simple negativity or positivity. Source: University of British Columbia How much is ...

Reusable Contact Lenses More Than Triple Risk of Rare Preventable Eye Infection

Summary: People who use reusable contact lenses rather than disposable daily lenses are four times more likely to develop Acanthamoeba keratitis, a corneal infection that can cause sight loss. Source: UCL People who wear reusable contact lenses are nearly four ...

A Potential New Treatment for Brain Tumors

Summary: Researchers study the effect of letrozole , a drug designed for the treatment of breast cancer in postmenopausal women, on glioblastoma brain cancer. Source: University of Cincinnati A research question posed in Pankaj Desai’s lab has led to a ...

Why Our Brain Wiring’s Insulation Matters

Summary: Myelin is more complex and dynamic than previously believed. Source: University of Oxford Alberto Lazari of the Nuffield Department of Clinical Neurosciences explains the importance of insulation in our brains’ wiring. Our brains contain a striking amount of ‘brain wires’, which allow ...

New Research Throws Doubt on Old Ideas of How Hearing Works

Summary: A new study casts old theories about hearing into doubt. Researchers found many cells in the inner ear react simultaneously to low-frequency sounds. This makes it easier for us to hear low-frequency sounds as the brain is able to ...

Landmark Study of Biomarker Data May Enable Better Treatment for Early Onset Dementia

Summary: Using neuroimaging and fluid biomarkers from those with the familial form of frontotemporal dementia (FTD), researchers developed models of clinical and biomarker dynamics to determine the temporal sequences of biomarkers and clinical changes in f-FTD before disease progression begins. ...

Meet Orbit, the Interactive Robot That Looks to Help Children With Autism Spectrum Disorders Develop Social Skills

Summary: Orbit, an interactive robot, helps teach children on the autism spectrum to develop social appropriateness and emotion via storytelling, physical interaction, and visual communication. Source: Loughborough University “Hey there. Allow me to introduce you to your new companion, Orbit, ...

How an Addicted Brain Works

Summary: Addiction occurs as a result of the reward system becoming overwhelmed in a way that leads to chronic and permanent alterations in the brain. Source: Yale Addiction is now understood to be a brain disease. Whether it’s alcohol, prescription ...

Friend or Foe? How Mice Decide to Make Love or War

Summary: The neural circuitry that connects olfactory information about another mouse’s sex to decision-making in the brain determines the behavioral outcome as to whether aggression or affection is expressed. Source: CalTech Dog owners whose pets meet during a walk are ...

An Association Between Exposure to Air Pollution in the First 5 Years of Life and Alterations in Brain Structure

Summary: Assessing a child’s exposure to air pollution on a monthly basis from conception to the age of 8.5, researchers found the greater the exposure to air pollution before the age of 5, the greater the alteration in brain structure ...

Uncovering the Key Process That Contributes to Vision Loss and Blindness in People With Diabetes

Summary: The loss of blood flow autoregulation caused by diabetes is the result of the disruption of the TRPV2 protein. Even in the absence of diabetes, disrupted blood flow autoregulation causes damage closely resembling that seen in diabetic retinopathy. Source: ...

Strong Link Between Gut Bacteria and Metabolites

Summary: Study reveals a strong connection between certain bacteria residing in the gut and metabolites, small molecules found in the blood. Source: Uppsala University There are strong links between bacteria living in the gut and the levels of small molecules ...

The Relationship Between Particular Brain Circuits and Different Aspects of Mental Well-Being

Summary: Understanding how changes in the brain relate to changes in well-being is key to developing new targets for the treatment of mental health disorders. Source: University of Oxford Associate Professor Miriam Klein-Flügge and colleagues looked at brain connectivity and ...

Do Synchronized Brains Predict Happy Marriages?

Summary: Couples who reported greater satisfaction with their marriage had greater neural synchronization while watching video clips associated with marriage. Source: Harvard When it comes to love, do opposites attract or do birds of a feather flock together? Surprisingly, the ...

Brain Simultaneously Processes Linguistic and Extralinguistic Information

Summary: People automatically incorporate extralinguistic information into grammatical processing during verbal communication. Source: HSE An international team of scientists from the UK, Spain, Denmark and Russia (including researchers from the HSE Institute for Cognitive Neuroscience) conducted an experiment demonstrating that people ...

Adults With a History of Childhood Trauma Can Benefit From Recommended Depression Treatments, Contrary to Current Theory

Summary: Patients with major depressive disorder who experienced trauma during childhood see symptom improvement following psychopharmacological intervention, psychotherapy, or a combination of both. Source: The Lancet Adults with major depressive disorder who have a history of childhood trauma experience symptom ...

Sufficient Sleep Associated With Life Satisfaction in Parents

Summary: Study shows sufficient sleep improves parents’ mental health and overall well-being. Source: Penn State New research findings from a multi-university research team that includes Danielle Symons Downs, professor of kinesiology and obstetrics and gynecology and associate director of the ...

Botox Influences the Control of Emotions in the Brain for Those with Borderline Personality Disorder

Summary: Botulinum toxin, or Botox, can help dampen negative emotions for those suffering from borderline personality disorder. Source: MHH The bacterial toxin botulinum toxin (BTX)—colloquially known as Botox—is probably known to most people as a remedy for wrinkles. But botulinum ...

First Direct Evidence That Babies React to Taste and Smell in the Womb

Summary: Using ultrasound, researchers captured the facial expressions of developing fetuses in response to the taste of foods their mothers were eating. When exposed to carrots, the fetuses displayed “laughter-face” expressions, and “crying-face” expressions when exposed to kale. The findings ...

Keys to Keeping Your Brain Healthy

Summary: Three factors have been identified that help keep your brain at its best. Source: NTNU Your brain is pretty fabulous. Around 100 billion nerve cells work together to keep you nimble and quick in your thinking. But just like ...

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ALS Risk Higher Among Production Workers, Those Exposed to Metals, Volatile Compounds on Job

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Diet Could Play a Role in Cognitive Function Across Diverse Races and Ethnicities

Repeated Infections Associated With Increased Risk of Some Neurodegenerative Diseases

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