Exploring the Mechanisms Underlying Disorders of Consciousness

Summary: Study reveals altered brain dynamics in those with unresponsive arousal syndrome, previously known as “vegetative state”, and in those with minimally conscious state. Source: University of Liege A study by the Human Brain Project (HBP), led by scientists from ...

War-Zone Related Stress May Lead to Changes in the Microstructure of the Brain

Summary: War zone-related stress was associated with alterations in limbic gray matter microstructure, independent of a mental health or tbi diagnosis. In turn, these alterations were associated with cognitive function, including impaired response inhibition. Source: Brigham and Women’s Hospital Military ...

Could Monoclonal Antibodies Replace Opioids for Chronic Pain?

Summary: Researchers are developing a monthly monoclonal antibody therapy for the treatment and management of chronic pain. The hope is this new therapy can replace opioids for pain management. Source: UC Davis During the pandemic, physicians used infusions of monoclonal antibodies — antibodies made ...

An old anti-psychotic offers a new way to treat chronic pain

A decades-old anti-psychotic drug has helped to identify a new pathway for treating chronic pain — as well as an unusual connection to lung cancer. Fluphenazine, once used to treat schizophrenia, was one of 1,000 FDA-approved drugs that researchers ...

Understanding reality through algorithms

Neuroscience PhD student Fernanda De La Torre uses complex algorithms to investigate philosophical questions about perception and reality.

COVID-19 Associated With Increase in New Diagnoses of Type 1 Diabetes in Youth, by as Much as 72%

Summary: Children who contracted COVID-19 are at increased risk of being diagnosed with Type 1 diabetes. Researchers found a 72% increase in new Type 1 diabetes cases in those under 18 who contracted COVID-19. Source: Case Western Reserve Children who ...

Watching TV With Your Child Can Help Their Cognitive Development

Summary: Family TV time can have a beneficial effect on a child’s cognitive development, a new study reports. Source: University of Portsmouth Over the past 30 years, the number of television programs targeting infants has been increasing. Between 1997 and ...

Researchers Create Tool to Measure the Emotion in Emojis

Summary: A newly developed multidimensional lexicon of emojis helps crack the coded language and emotional value of emoji use, a popular form of communication by young texters, beyond simple negativity or positivity. Source: University of British Columbia How much is ...

The brain undergoes a great “rewiring” after age 40

In a systematic review recently published in the journal Psychophysiology, researchers from Monash University in Australia swept through the scientific literature, seeking to summarize how the connectivity of the human brain changes over our lifetimes. The gathered evidence suggests ...

Reusable Contact Lenses More Than Triple Risk of Rare Preventable Eye Infection

Summary: People who use reusable contact lenses rather than disposable daily lenses are four times more likely to develop Acanthamoeba keratitis, a corneal infection that can cause sight loss. Source: UCL People who wear reusable contact lenses are nearly four ...

A Potential New Treatment for Brain Tumors

Summary: Researchers study the effect of letrozole , a drug designed for the treatment of breast cancer in postmenopausal women, on glioblastoma brain cancer. Source: University of Cincinnati A research question posed in Pankaj Desai’s lab has led to a ...

Why Our Brain Wiring’s Insulation Matters

Summary: Myelin is more complex and dynamic than previously believed. Source: University of Oxford Alberto Lazari of the Nuffield Department of Clinical Neurosciences explains the importance of insulation in our brains’ wiring. Our brains contain a striking amount of ‘brain wires’, which allow ...

New Research Throws Doubt on Old Ideas of How Hearing Works

Summary: A new study casts old theories about hearing into doubt. Researchers found many cells in the inner ear react simultaneously to low-frequency sounds. This makes it easier for us to hear low-frequency sounds as the brain is able to ...

Landmark Study of Biomarker Data May Enable Better Treatment for Early Onset Dementia

Summary: Using neuroimaging and fluid biomarkers from those with the familial form of frontotemporal dementia (FTD), researchers developed models of clinical and biomarker dynamics to determine the temporal sequences of biomarkers and clinical changes in f-FTD before disease progression begins. ...

Meet Orbit, the Interactive Robot That Looks to Help Children With Autism Spectrum Disorders Develop Social Skills

Summary: Orbit, an interactive robot, helps teach children on the autism spectrum to develop social appropriateness and emotion via storytelling, physical interaction, and visual communication. Source: Loughborough University “Hey there. Allow me to introduce you to your new companion, Orbit, ...

How an Addicted Brain Works

Summary: Addiction occurs as a result of the reward system becoming overwhelmed in a way that leads to chronic and permanent alterations in the brain. Source: Yale Addiction is now understood to be a brain disease. Whether it’s alcohol, prescription ...

Friend or Foe? How Mice Decide to Make Love or War

Summary: The neural circuitry that connects olfactory information about another mouse’s sex to decision-making in the brain determines the behavioral outcome as to whether aggression or affection is expressed. Source: CalTech Dog owners whose pets meet during a walk are ...

An Association Between Exposure to Air Pollution in the First 5 Years of Life and Alterations in Brain Structure

Summary: Assessing a child’s exposure to air pollution on a monthly basis from conception to the age of 8.5, researchers found the greater the exposure to air pollution before the age of 5, the greater the alteration in brain structure ...

Uncovering the Key Process That Contributes to Vision Loss and Blindness in People With Diabetes

Summary: The loss of blood flow autoregulation caused by diabetes is the result of the disruption of the TRPV2 protein. Even in the absence of diabetes, disrupted blood flow autoregulation causes damage closely resembling that seen in diabetic retinopathy. Source: ...

Strong Link Between Gut Bacteria and Metabolites

Summary: Study reveals a strong connection between certain bacteria residing in the gut and metabolites, small molecules found in the blood. Source: Uppsala University There are strong links between bacteria living in the gut and the levels of small molecules ...

The Relationship Between Particular Brain Circuits and Different Aspects of Mental Well-Being

Summary: Understanding how changes in the brain relate to changes in well-being is key to developing new targets for the treatment of mental health disorders. Source: University of Oxford Associate Professor Miriam Klein-Flügge and colleagues looked at brain connectivity and ...

Do Synchronized Brains Predict Happy Marriages?

Summary: Couples who reported greater satisfaction with their marriage had greater neural synchronization while watching video clips associated with marriage. Source: Harvard When it comes to love, do opposites attract or do birds of a feather flock together? Surprisingly, the ...

Brain Simultaneously Processes Linguistic and Extralinguistic Information

Summary: People automatically incorporate extralinguistic information into grammatical processing during verbal communication. Source: HSE An international team of scientists from the UK, Spain, Denmark and Russia (including researchers from the HSE Institute for Cognitive Neuroscience) conducted an experiment demonstrating that people ...

COVID-19 Infections Increase Risk of Long-Term Brain Problems: Strokes, Depression, Anxiety, Migraines

People who have had COVID-19 are at an elevated risk of developing neurological conditions within the first year after infection, according to a detailed analysis of federal data by researchers at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis. ...

A Potential Basis for a Cure for Coronavirus Found

Summary: The compound Salen effectively binds to a number of SARS_CoV_2, the virus that causes COVID-19, proteins. The findings pave the way for developing new therapeutics to fight coronavirus. Source: URAL Federal University Researchers found out that salen is able ...

Adults With a History of Childhood Trauma Can Benefit From Recommended Depression Treatments, Contrary to Current Theory

Summary: Patients with major depressive disorder who experienced trauma during childhood see symptom improvement following psychopharmacological intervention, psychotherapy, or a combination of both. Source: The Lancet Adults with major depressive disorder who have a history of childhood trauma experience symptom ...

Sufficient Sleep Associated With Life Satisfaction in Parents

Summary: Study shows sufficient sleep improves parents’ mental health and overall well-being. Source: Penn State New research findings from a multi-university research team that includes Danielle Symons Downs, professor of kinesiology and obstetrics and gynecology and associate director of the ...

Botox Influences the Control of Emotions in the Brain for Those with Borderline Personality Disorder

Summary: Botulinum toxin, or Botox, can help dampen negative emotions for those suffering from borderline personality disorder. Source: MHH The bacterial toxin botulinum toxin (BTX)—colloquially known as Botox—is probably known to most people as a remedy for wrinkles. But botulinum ...

First Direct Evidence That Babies React to Taste and Smell in the Womb

Summary: Using ultrasound, researchers captured the facial expressions of developing fetuses in response to the taste of foods their mothers were eating. When exposed to carrots, the fetuses displayed “laughter-face” expressions, and “crying-face” expressions when exposed to kale. The findings ...

Keys to Keeping Your Brain Healthy

Summary: Three factors have been identified that help keep your brain at its best. Source: NTNU Your brain is pretty fabulous. Around 100 billion nerve cells work together to keep you nimble and quick in your thinking. But just like ...

Electronic Comparison of MRI Brain Images Accurately Determines Biological Age

Summary: Using artificial neural networks to analyze neuroimaging data, researchers are able to accurately determine biological age. Source: Max Planck Society The biological age of a person can be accurately determined from brain images using the latest AI technology, so-called ...

‘Special’ Muscle Can Promote Glucose and Fat Burning to Fuel Metabolism for Hours While Sitting

Summary: The pioneering “soleus pushup” effectively elevates muscle metabolism for hours, even when sitting. Source: University of Houston From the same mind whose research propelled the notion that “sitting too much is not the same as exercising too little,” comes ...

Mapping the Whole Human Brain

Summary: The Allen Institute is launching a new global collaboration to map approximately 200 billion cells in the human brain by type and function. Source: Allen Institute Scientists at the Allen Institute are launching the brain equivalent of the Human ...

Stronger Connections Between Gum Disease and Alzheimer’s Disease Discovered

Summary: Two new studies strengthen the link between gum disease and the development of Alzheimer’s disease. The studies focus on the interactions between the gingipains enzyme interacts with the Tau protein, and how the gingipains enzyme contributes to the development ...

Pigs With Gene Defect Provide New Perspectives for the Treatment of Alzheimer’s

Summary: New research in cloned pigs with a mutation of the SORL1 sheds light on Alzheimer’s development. The findings could pave the way for new treatments for the neurodegenerative disorder. Source: Aarhus University For decades, researchers from all over the ...

Aged Neurons Generated Directly From Skin More Accurately Model Parkinson’s Disease

Summary: Researchers successfully turned skin cells from Parkinson’s patients into dopaminergic neurons by introducing a combination of neural-inducing genes into the skin cells. Source: International Society for Stem Cell Research The possibility to make virtually all cell types of the ...

How Does What We Eat Affect Our Healthspan and Longevity? It’s a Complex Dynamic System

Summary: Study sheds new light on how normal variations in dietary patterns affect human aging, longevity, and overall health. Source: Columbia University The answer to a relatively concise question – how does what we eat affect how we age — is unavoidably ...

The Prose of Dr. Seuss Shines a Light on How the Brain Processes Speech

Summary: Using the Dr. Seuss classic, The Lorax, researchers shed new light on how the brain engages during complex audiovisual speech perception. The findings reveal how the brain utilizes a complex network of brain regions involved in sensory processing, multisensory ...

Attention and Running Influence Individual Brain Cells Independently

Summary: Spatial attention and running influence individual neurons independently with different dynamics. Source: Sainsbury Wellcome Center When you are not paying attention, performance drops. For example, you are four times more likely to be in a crash if you use ...

Shedding Light on Oxytocin, the Happy Hormone

Summary: A newly developed fluorescent sensor is able to detect oxytocin in living animals. Source: Osaka University Twinkling lights make a city view all the more beautiful at night, and may evoke feelings of romance and happiness. But what do ...


COVID-19 Infections Increase Risk of Long-Term Brain Problems

Johns Hopkins Scientists Have Developed a Nanobody That May Treat Parkinson’s Disease

Nightmares in middle-aged adults may be early sign of dementia: study

A Consistent Lack of Sleep Negatively Impacts Immune Stem Cells, Increasing Risk of Inflammatory Disorders and Heart Disease

New Research Provides Theory on Why Women Stopped Menstruating Upon Arrival at Nazi Death Camps

Deep Brain Stimulation Effective for Severe OCD

Newly Discovered Protein Connected to Alzheimer’s Disease Risk

Rare Human Gene Variant in ADHD, Autism Exposes Fundamental Sex Differences

How Fear Memories Get Stuck in Some Brains

Do Sleep Timing and Duration Affect Dementia Risk?

Common Alzheimer’s Gene Variant Linked to COVID Mortality

Does Stress Make It More Difficult to Become Pregnant?

Looking at Images of People Smiling at You Extends Antidepressant Effects of Ketamine

Nightmares in Middle Age Linked to Dementia Risk

Study Shows Neflamapimod Has Potential To Improve Cognitive Function in Patients With Neurodegenerative Diseases

Nightmares in Middle Age Linked to Increased Dementia Risk

A “golden era” to study the brain

Alzheimer’s Might Not Be Primarily a Brain Disease: A New Theory Suggests It’s an Autoimmune Condition

How the Brain Develops: A New Way to Shed Light on Cognition

Wolves Can Show Attachment Toward Humans

Molecular Changes in the Brain in the Aftermath of a Traumatic Event May Help Explain Long-Term Susceptibility or Resilience

Understanding the Connection Between the Immune System and Regeneration

Observations in Macaques Provide New Insights Into How Mothers Form Attachments to Their Newborns

How Can Infants Learn About Sounds in Their Native Language?

Globally, Diets Are Not Much Healthier Today Than They Were Thirty Years Ago

‘Night Owls’ Could Have Greater Risk of Type 2 Diabetes and Heart Disease Than Those Who Are ‘Early Birds’

Heart Medication Shows Potential as Treatment for Alcohol Use Disorder

Four New Brain Areas Involved in Many Cognitive Processes Mapped

Social Touch and Its Newly Discovered Neural Pathway

Genetic Link to Moving to the Beat of Music

Nearly One in Ten in the US Reports Having Depression

How the Circadian Clock Helps the Brain Recover After Injury

Fit for Work at Over 50

Teen Alcohol Misuse Is a Driver of Poorer Health and Dissatisfaction in Midlife

2 in 3 Parents Say Their Child Is Self-Conscious About Their Appearance

Don’t Look at Me Like That: Integration of Gaze Direction and Facial Expression

Multitude of Stressful Events in 2020 May Have Harmed Social Development of Young Adults

Discovery of the Causes of Brain Dysfunction in Patients With Huntington’s Disease

Drinking Plenty of Tea May Reduce the Risk of Developing Type 2 Diabetes

Adults Show Poorer Cognition, Better Well-Being with Age

ALS Risk Higher Among Production Workers, Those Exposed to Metals, Volatile Compounds on Job

Cannabis Users No Less Likely to Be Motivated or Able to Enjoy Life’s Pleasure

Like Genes, Your Gut Microbes Pass From One Generation to the Next

Fruit, Vegetables and Exercise Can Make You Happier

Cognitive Health May Benefit From Balanced Meal Timing

Personalized Prediction of Depression Treatment Outcomes With Wearables

Seven Healthy Lifestyle Habits May Reduce Dementia Risk for People With Diabetes

The Experience of Reward Increases Connectivity Between the Default Mode Network and Other Brain Regions

If separating conjoined twins results in death, which one should die?

Talk With Your Hands? You Might Think With Them Too!

The Hemispheres Are Not Equal: How the Brain Is Not Symmetrical

Dozens of Gut Bacteria Associated With Multiple Sclerosis

Diet Could Play a Role in Cognitive Function Across Diverse Races and Ethnicities

7 Natural Nootropics For Better Brain Performance: Which Is Best?

Repeated Infections Associated With Increased Risk of Some Neurodegenerative Diseases

Fitness Trackers Reveal Links Between Exercise, Memory, and Mental Health

Helping People Lose Weight: Deep Brain Stimulation Could Treat Binge Eating Disorder

Study reveals how environment and state are integrated to control behavior

How Healthy Is Your Brain?

Length of REM Sleep to Body Temperature

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