Now AI is harnessed in the fight against cancer...Technology can give doctors a 'second opinion' on tumours

Researchers at the University of Glasgow have developed artificial intelligence system that can provide faster, more accurate diagnosisAI learned to spot patterns after being shown thousands of images of tissue samplesExperts say it has 'taught itself to speak the language of cancer' 

Scottish scientists have developed an Artificial Intelligence system that can interpret cancer samples and predict how a tumour might progress.

The team hopes the discovery could give doctors an AI ‘second opinion’ and lead to faster, more accurate diagnosis.

The system is capable of spotting the signs of the disease in samples with remarkable accuracy and can also predict whether the cancer is likely to come back after treatment.

Currently, pathologists examine and characterise the features of tissue samples taken from cancer patients on slides under a microscope.

Their observations on the tumour’s type and stage of growth help determine each patient’s course of treatment and their chances of recovery.

Researchers at the University of Glasgow have created an AI system that can provide a faster, more accurate cancer diagnosis

Researchers at the University of Glasgow have created an AI system that can provide a faster, more accurate cancer diagnosis

An international team of AI specialists and cancer scientists, led by researchers from the University of Glasgow, have developed a new system, which they call histomorphological phenotype learning (HPL).

They took thousands of high-resolution images of tissue samples of lung cancer patients and collected data on how the cancers progressed.

Next, they developed an algorithm to analyse the images and spot patterns based solely on the visual data in each slide.

The algorithm broke down the slide images into thousands of tiny pieces, each representing a small amount of human tissue.

When the team added slides from more cancer patients to the system, it was capable of correctly distinguishing between their features.

Once the algorithm had identified patterns in the samples, the researchers used it to analyse links between the samples and the patients’ outcomes stored in the database, including how long patients lived after having cancer surgery.

The predictions made by the system correlated well with the real-life outcomes of the patients stored in the database, correctly assessing the likelihood and timing of cancer’s return 72 per cent of the time.

Human pathologists tasked with the same prediction drew the correct conclusions with 64 per cent accuracy.

When the research was expanded to include analysis of thousands of slides across 10 other types of cancers, the results were similarly accurate.

Professor John Le Quesne, from the University of Glasgow’s School of Cancer Sciences, said: ‘It takes many years to train human pathologists to identify the cancer subtypes they examine under the microscope and draw conclusions about the most likely outcomes for patients.

‘It’s a difficult, time-consuming job, and even highly trained experts can sometimes draw different conclusions from the same slide.

‘In a sense, the algorithm at the heart of the system taught itself to speak the language of cancer - to recognise the extremely complex patterns in the slides and read what they can tell us about both the type of cancer and its potential effect on patients’ long-term health.

‘Unlike a human pathologist, it doesn’t understand what it’s looking at, but it can still draw strikingly accurate conclusions based on mathematical analysis.

‘It could prove to be an invaluable tool to aid pathologists in the future, augmenting their existing skills with an entirely unbiased second opinion.

‘The insight provided by human expertise and AI analysis working together could provide faster, more accurate cancer diagnoses and evaluations of patients’ likely outcomes.

‘That, in turn, could help improve monitoring and better-tailored care across each patients’ treatment.’

OTHER NEWS

20 minutes ago

Dick Strawbridge issues health update to worried fans after being spotted with walking stick

20 minutes ago

Travellers 'will be on the streets' if they're evicted from home of 20 years

23 minutes ago

Is Héctor Neris' job as Cubs closer safe? Craig Counsell weighs in

23 minutes ago

Why is there smoke blowing over Wrigley Field? The latest on Chicago's West Side fire

23 minutes ago

Mailbag Podcast: Should the Blackhawks consider bringing back Patrick Kane?

23 minutes ago

Cubs acquire minor league catcher William Simoneit in trade

23 minutes ago

Mike Tauchman to IL with groin injury, Miles Mastrobuoni returning to Cubs

23 minutes ago

3 ways successful people navigate changes in life, from Melinda French Gates: Learn ‘the value of embracing uncertainty'

23 minutes ago

Grimace threw out the first pitch at a Mets game. What came next has people going crazy for him

24 minutes ago

Primary care becoming more difficult to access in New Brunswick, report says

24 minutes ago

ANALYSIS: Interesting draft ahead for Jets, with no first-round pick

24 minutes ago

IN PHOTOS: Oilers fans’ confidence swelling as team drags Stanley Cup Final back to Edmonton

25 minutes ago

Howie Mandel's wife took 'gummies' before bloody fall

25 minutes ago

Halle Berry carries Olympic flame in France

25 minutes ago

From a virtual assistant to digital avatars: What to know about TikTok's new AI-powered features

25 minutes ago

Major interest: Man Utd keen on "superstar" who's a Wirtz & Musiala hybrid

25 minutes ago

Popular restaurant announces 'bittersweet' closure

25 minutes ago

More Immigrants Boost Economy, Reduce Budget Deficit, Congress’ Nonpartisan Scorekeeper Says

25 minutes ago

Plants In Your Home And Garden That Don't Like Coffee Grounds As Fertilizer

25 minutes ago

Chelsea already have response planned for incoming Conor Gallagher transfer bid

25 minutes ago

OPINION - Donald Trump swallowed the Republican Party whole — Tories flirting with Farage beware

25 minutes ago

England star misses training ahead of Euro 2024 showdown against Denmark

28 minutes ago

Justin Timberlake won't be banned from luxury Hamptons hotel following DUI arrest

28 minutes ago

Could Labour’s ‘left-wing cull’ come back to haunt the party at the general election?

28 minutes ago

Voter registrations leading up to election were down by 25% compared to 2019 poll

28 minutes ago

World Cricket Connects set to shape the future of the sport

28 minutes ago

Tories called ‘truly pathetic’ for post showing Starmer being cheered by Kim Jong Un

28 minutes ago

New Thorpe Park rollercoaster closes again days after breakdown left riders stuck 236ft in the air

29 minutes ago

Nelly Korda keen to stay positive at PGA Championship despite recent missed cuts

29 minutes ago

It's summer solstice time. What does that mean?

30 minutes ago

Bears' absence in Brandon Aiyuk trade rumors latest evidence how much things have changed

30 minutes ago

Bears make DeAndre Carter free agent signing official

30 minutes ago

Senators grill Boeing CEO about salary and safety record

30 minutes ago

Richards slams ‘ridiculous’ Man Utd boss Ten Hag for Southgate criticism: ‘Glass houses’

30 minutes ago

Telegraph reveals Barclay family left £278m black hole

30 minutes ago

Mats Hummels trains in Germany rival's shirt after Euros snub - and makes 'stupid' claim

30 minutes ago

Leicester hope to appoint Steve Cooper within 48 HOURS as the Foxes remain in advanced talks to name the ex-Nottingham Forest boss as Enzo Maresca's replacement

33 minutes ago

Joel Dahmen turns to Golf Twitter to set up money match for this weekend

33 minutes ago

Young’s eyes Euro 2024 boost as summer sales grow

33 minutes ago

US Approves $360 Million Arms Sale to Taiwan